How to Prepare

Preparing your document properly is the most important part of the printing process. Remember, we print directly from your file without altering it in any way. At Universal Sport Screen Printing & Signs we want to make sure that you are completely satisfied with our work. For this reason, we are including the following guidelines that you must follow when submitting your printing work to us. You should download our "How To Prepare Checklist" to make sure that you are complying with all of the requirements.

We recommend that you read this entire page and become familiar with all of our requirements. You may also click on a topic below to read about that specific area.

Color Policy: Universal Sport cannot guarantee "match-print" color fidelity and cannot prevent slight color shift throughout an order. Because we cannot control the color reproduction of a customer's computer monitor, we cannot guarantee that the actual print color will precisely match any preview as it appears your monitor. Universal Sports is not responsible for any color shift in converted photographs (RGB images) with black, near black, or gray tones. Color shifts from a perceived black or gray must be addressed prior to file submission & cannot be guarantee. Proofs do not guarantee black, near black or gray final output. Please note that the application of UV coating may have an effect upon or change the appearance of printed colors. Universal Sport is not liable for the final color appearance of any final product after proof is approved.
 
 

 Software

Preparing your job correctly is the most important part of getting good results. We accept files from the following programs:

Software
Output in CMYK or RGB


PageMaker and Publishrt files will not be accepted for any job at all
 
Adobe Photoshop
Photoshop Jpeg, 300 dpi, CMYK or RGB colors*. Please make sure that you leave an additional 1/8th of an inch all around for bleeding if your document bleeds.
 
Adobe Illustrator
Illustrator EPS, Set all fonts to outlines. If you're exporting an Illustrator file to tiff Please make sure that you leave an additional 1/8th of an inch all around for bleeding if your document bleeds.
 
Corel Draw
Corel Draw CDR or convert to EPS, Set all fonts to curves (all colors in CMYK). Please make sure that you leave an additional 1/8th of an inch all around for bleeding if your document bleeds.
PageMaker and Publisher files will not be accepted for any job at all

Files in other formats may not be acceptable.
* In order to create a TIFF or Jpeg file, you may use any conventional photo editing software, such as Adobe Photoshop or Corel Photo-Paint. Please make sure that they are saved using CMYK or RGB colors with no layers (flattened) and no compression.
 

 Document Size

For a thorough understanding of the various sizes of documents that Universal Sport Screen Printing & Signs can print, please view our price list for a guide.

When you select the size of the document you need, please make sure that you leave an additional 1/8th of an inch all around for bleeding if your document bleeds. This will ensure that your entire art and text will be visible once it is cut to it's final size. Make sure, however, that no important art or text is in the bleeding area. You should also have at least 1/8" inside the final size (see graphic below). When using a border, remember it may be unequal either top to bottom or side to side due to minor, inevitable movements in the press and in the cutters.

What's a bleed?
The paper is trimmed after printing to insure the ink runs fully to the edge and not stopping short of it.

Why Bleed?

The purpose of a bleed is to continue a color, image or design off the edge of the card.

Is it required?

Yes. If there is a color, an image or design that goes to the edge of the document. A document with a white background with no image or design that goes beyond or to the edge does not require a bleed.

For Example

If you final size is to be 3.5"x2". You may then set your guides to 1/8" outside of the document bounds all around the document. Background colors and other designs may extend to these external bounds (bleed), but no important artwork or text should be in this area as it will be cut off.

You should ALSO leave yourself at least 1/8" from the edge of the final document size to where the important information or artwork begins inside the bounds of the document. This is visible in the graphic below as the "SAVE TEXT AREA". This means that the area where important artwork (logos, text, etc.) and information will reside on an 3.5"x2" has an actual size of 3.375"x1.875". Universal Sport Screen Printing & Signs is not responsible if important artwork or text extends beyond these specifications and is cut off!.

bleed sample
When exporting images to TIFF or Jpeg always make sure the Anti-Alias setting is active. This will make the text look significantly better and the overall card look much nicer.

 

Folding
When designing jobs that must be folded, the setup and positioning are probably the most important factors. When designing Half Folds or Half and Half Folds (also known as double parallel fold) the simple way to do it is dividing the page in half with a guide and then positioning text and objects where they should. This is simple because for example dividing an 8.5 x 11 in half is either 4.25 or 5.5. Now it gets a little interesting when you try to divide a Tri-Fold by 3, using inches. 11 divided by 3 equals 3.666. As you can see it doesn't divide evenly. The best solution to the problem is to change the document settings from inches to PICAS. Once in picas, the 11 inch side turns into 66 picas, of course it doesn't change the overall size. Now dividing 66 picas by 3 is 22. What you would do know is place guides on the 22 picas mark and 44 picas mark. Now you can go back to inches or continue in picas and the document is 100% evenly divided now and ready for designing.

 

 Image Resolution

All images must be submitted at 300 dpi at 100% scale (of the print size) and must be submitted in uncompressed TIFF  or Jpeg format without layers (flattened). They must all be converted to CMYK or RGB colors.

Vector-based graphics suitable for type and logos should be submitted at 100% scale and converted to EPS CMYK format with all fonts converted to outlines. Universal Sport Screen Printing & Signs will not be responsible for output from an EPS which contains fonts that are not converted to curves.

Before use images from a digital camera, make sure the camera is set at a high resolution to result in 300 PPI at the intended photo print size. Most cameras have various settings for resolutions. The highest resolution for your camera depends on how many Megapixels it has. You cannot increase the resolution of a photo after it is taken, except by reducing its dimensions.
 

Minimum image resolution   Maximum print size
1050pX600p   3.5"x2"
1200pX1800p   4"x6"
1500pX2100p   5"x7"
2550pX3300p   8.5"x11"

 

Best Format
Even if your image is high resolution, you'll still need to save it in the correct file format: TIFF or Jpeg. Always save your pictures in the TIFF or Jpeg format, Do not use LZW or any other type of compression offered by your software.
RGB colors are those used by most digital cameras. It is NOT, however, used for printing color output. They must all be converted to CMYK colors.

Images from Scanner
Like a digital camera, a scanner must be preset to the proper resolution before image capture. Many scanners default to 150 PPI (or SPI) and RGB input. Set your scanner’s resolution so that it results in 300 PPI at the image’s final print size. Always save your pictures in the TIFF or Jpeg format, and they must all be converted to CMYK or RGB colors.


Images from Internet
Images found on the Internet are typically at a resolution of 72 PPI. This resolution is much too low for quality printing. In addition, most images on the Web are protected by copyright laws. For these reasons, we do not recommend using images from the Web. But if you pick images from the internet make sure that the image size is larger than 2MP (1600x1200) in the image search.


Anti-Alias
To diminish the stairstep-like lines in images that should be smooth, by surrounding the jagged edges with shades of color. Anti-alias should remain checked because it smoothes the contours of the elements, it makes anything you draw (bitmap) look smooth and not jagged (like steps) at the edges.  You will see the difference when you add text to a graphic.

 

Color

Color Policy: Universal Sport cannot guarantee "match-print" color fidelity and cannot prevent slight color shift throughout an order. Because we cannot control the color reproduction of a customer's computer monitor, we cannot guarantee that the actual print color will precisely match any preview as it appears your monitor. Universal Sports is not responsible for any color shift in converted photographs (RGB images) with black, near black, or gray tones. Color shifts from a perceived black or gray must be addressed prior to file submission & cannot be guarantee. Proofs do not guarantee black, near black or gray final output. Please note that the application of UV coating may have an effect upon or change the appearance of printed colors. Universal Sport is not liable for the final color appearance of any final product after proof is approved.
 
We do not print PMS colors! The PMS and Pantone colors need to be converted to CMYK colors. Our presses will automatically convert Pantone, PMS, RGB and spot colors to 4-color tints.
What are CMYK Colors?
 
What are RGB Colors?
 

Most color presses (including those used by Universal Sport Screen Printing & Signs) use the combination of these four colors (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black) to create full color output. Even simpler desktop color printers (such as Laser and Inkjet printers) rely primarily on the combination of these four inks to create full color output.

 

RGB colors are those used by most computer monitors and televisions to display full color. It is NOT, however, used for printing color output.

 
All work submitted to us must be converted to CMYK

Rich Black
To obtain the richest possible black, all heavy blacks and defined text over 24 pt needs to be configured with the following color combination:
 
Cyan: 80%

 
 
Magenta: 80%
   
Yellow: 70%
 
 
Black: 90%


Also remember that you should never set any color to overprint unless it is black. When a color is placed on top of a dark one, the dark one will always be dominant and will always overprint the light one causing the color to print incorectly.

Fonts

If it is at all possible,please don't forget to convert to outlines or curves fonts included in your graphics. A PDF (with fonts embedded) or a hard copy (Jpeg or Tiff) of your work is mandatory for any files for us to ensure that we're printing what you want the way you want it.

 

Compression

We request that you send any pictures and graphics in either TIFF or EPS format. Do not use LZW, JPG or any other type of compression offered by your software (Photoshop, Illustrator, etc.) for these types of files.

When you are ready to send your file to us, please compress all your files (document, fonts, images, etc.) into ONE archive. You may use either SIT for Macintosh or ZIP for Windows. You may use Stuffit Lite for the Mac or WinZip for Windows. Both are available free. Newer versions of Windows XP and the Mac OS include compression software as well.

 

Glossary

Useful definitions and explainations of company and industry terms

It is used to protect and enhance the printed piece. Aqueous coating is applied to all 100lb gloss book and 100lb gloss cover.

 

Barcode:

gloss barcode

A series of vertical bars and spaces that represent any numerical series, most often a correct ZIP Code for the delivery address on a mailpiece. The barcode facilitates automated processing by barcode readers and scanners. A barcode also can be used to convey information for Delivery Confirmation and Signature Confirmation services. Barcodes that may be used for postal processing are POSTNET and UCC/EAN Code 128.

 

Batch:

We have two different batch sizes 28" x 20" or 40" x 28". Jobs with the same type and quantity are collected on the same batch. For example, all business cards and postcards 4/1 1k are collected and printed on the same batch.

 

BEPO - General Tab Notes:

Your Domain Name is the url / link to the website that you own, where you will host bepo (ie.. johndoesprinting.com).

Next you can upload an image that will be displayed as a header within Bepo, please upload an image type of jpg, png, gif, or swf with a size of 70px by 1024px.

In the "Sales Tax" field please enter the percentage of state tax (without the % symbol).

Ticking the "Allow Order Pickup" checkbox indicates that you will allow the end user to pick up their order at your location and bypass the shipping charge.

 

BEPO - Install Tab Notes:

"FTP/SSH Host" is the hostname or IP address of your FTP or SSH server.

"FTP/SSH Login" is the username you use to login to your FTP or SSH account.

Next to "Password" enter the password you use to login to your FTP or SSH account.

Next to "Domain" enter the URL of your website where Bepo will reside. (ie.. http://www.johndoesprinting.com/bepo3)

You may also include additional information you would like in this help request.

 

BEPO - Pricing Tab Notes:

Choose the product from the dropdown menu that you wish to alter the pricing of, please note after you make changes to the pricing of one product you must click the Update button below to save your changes.

Next to "Matte Finish" and "Round Corners" you can indicate the amount you wish to charge the end-user for these options (only available on some products).

 

Bindery:

The finishing department, which performs operations on the printed product after it has been printed. The bindery operations are as follows: Folding, Binding, Stitching, Scoring, Perforation, Die Cutting, & Envelope Converting (currently done in house).

 

Binding:

Different methods used to secure loose pages in a book is called binding. Saddle stitch is an example of binding.

gloss binding
 

Bleed:

Printed colors that extend past the edge of a page. To cut the job to its actual size the processor has to make sure the job gets printed with 1/8 of an inch bleed some jobs may require more than that. For example if the job is a business card (3.5" x 2") the file size with bleed would be (3.625" x 2.125").

gloss border

 

Borders:

An outline around graphics, text or edge of a sheet.

Brightness:

Refers to the percent of light reflected back from a sheet of paper as measured by a light meter reading. Contrast is reduced and highlights are not as strong when paper with a lower brightness is used for a printed piece. Here at 4over, depending on paper brand the papers have different brightness grades, for example Tango has 91 brightness, Balboa ha 90 brightness.

Bulk Mail:

Standard Mail or Third Class Mail.

C1S paper:

Paper coated on one side. We DO NOT print on C1S paper.

C2S paper:

Paper coated on both sides. Our 14pt and 16pt paper are examples of C2S. (AQ Coating or UV Coating are seperate options and are not effected by this)

Card Stock:

Also called cover stock. Mostly heavyweight papers are called cards stock. The thickness of card stock is indicated with point sizes such as 14pt, 16pt. Some people will also refer to 100lb gloss cover as a card stock.

Carrier Route:

The address to which a carrier delivers mail. In common usage, carrier route includes city routes, rural routes, highway contact routes, post office box sections, and general delivery units.

gloss cmyk

 

CMYK:

The primary colors used in 4-color printing. CMYK are used to reproduce full color on the printed sheet. CMYK also called PROCESS COLOR

C: Cyan (Blue)
M: Magenta (Red)
Y: Yellow
K: Key (Black)

gloss coating

 

Coating:

The mixture of clay materials that are applied to paper to improve the smoothness of the paper's surface and improve ink holdout during the printing process. Examples are Aqueous coating (AQ) and UV coating. UV coating adds a gloss finish to the product and also improves the vibrancy of the printed colors. Spot-UV can be applied to selected portions of the piece, while keeping the rest a matte finish.

Coding Accuracy Support System (CASS):

A service offered to mailers, service bureaus, and software vendors that improves the accuracy of matching to delivery point codes, ZIP+4 codes, 5-digit Zip Codes, and carrier route codes on mail piece. CASS provides a common platform to measure the quality of address matching software and to diagnose and correct software problems.

Collecting:

Prepress Department that imposes multiple jobs of the same type in a press layout, called a batch. Collecting is responsible for creating schedules that meet production deadlines and satisfy job turnarounds.

Collect on Delivery (COD):

A service for mailers who need to mail an article for which they have not received payment. The amount due the sender is collected from the addressee and the USPS returns the amount due to the sender.

gloss colors3


Color Types

4:4 (4 over 4) - 2 sided
full color on front and on back
4:1 (4 over 1) - 2 sided
full color on front, black on back
4:0 (4 over 0) - 1 sided
full color on front
5:0 (5 over 0) - 1 sided
full color + either Silver, Metallic, Foil Worx or Akuafoil on front
5:1 (5 over 1) - 2 sided
full color + either Silver, Metallic, Foil Worx or Akuafoil on front, black on back
4:5 (4 over 5) - 2 sided
full color on front and full color + either Silver, Metallic, Foil Worx or Akuafoil on back
5:4 (5 over 4) - 2 sided
full color + either Silver, Metallic, Foil Worx or Akuafoil on front and full color on back
5:5 (5 over 5) - 2 sided
full color + either Silver, Metallic, Foil Worx or Akuafoil on front and on back

Color Proof / Epson Proof / Match Print:

An image, created by using color inks. Showing what the final printed product will look like. Color proofs within 4over are called Epson proofs tand are a 80%-85% match with the final product.

Consecutive Numbering:

Numbering a form, or a series of printed material where the number changes sequentially from one to another. Example, if the first one has number 201, the second will get 202, the third would be 203 and so on. Here at 4over we do not offer that service.

gloss marks

Crop Marks (Guide Marks):

Lines printed in the margin of sheet that indicates to the cutter and bindery where the finished product should be trimmed. They are also used to show what part of a photo should be used and what part should be cropped off.

gloss diecut

Die Cutting:

A specific shape like circle, star, etc (any designs that cannot be done by a straight cut) which is cut by a metal blade. Door hangers are a popular product which requires die cutting. We can accomodate shape sizes 13" x 10" and smaller, larger sizes must be sent out to other binderies.

Direct Mail:

Another name for advertising mail sent to targeted markets. It can be any mail class, but it is usually Standard Mail.

Dots Per Inch (dpi):

A measurement of resolution of input, output and display devices. 300 dpi means that when printed, each square inch of your image will contain 90,000 pixels (dots), the higher the dpi (the more pixels per inch) the more crisp the printed image will be. Our electronic (digital files) have to have a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Anything less than that is considered as low resolution and may appear blurry when printed.

gloss embossing

Embossing:

A process of imprinting an image by applying pressure to the back side of a material to change the surface, giving it a three dimensional or raised effect. Embossing can be referred to as raised lettering. Here at 4over we DO NOT offer embossing or raised lettering.

gloss faves


Favorites / Adding to Favorites / Using Favorites:

The new and useful "My Favorites" feature at 4over can be used in conjunction with our new product builder to save you a lot of extra time while placing orders and building jobs. You can save specifications for products and jobs you plan to purchase often to save time on future checkouts. Simply build your product and give it a memorable title relevant to your business. Next time you'll just have to go to your Favorites page and click the button, and the form will automatically be filled out for you, all that's left is to set your job and checkout - That's just a two click order!

You can view a brief video tutorial about this functionality on the "Favorites" page.

Finished Size / Trim Size:

The size of a printed product after all production operations have been completed.

Finishing:

Operations to a document after it has been printed. The finishing operations could include bindery work such as, folding, trimming, binding, die cutting, inserting or any post press process that must be completed.

gloss foldsize


Flat Size:

The size of a printed product after printing and trimming but before any finishing operations that affect its size, such as folding.

Foil:

The application of metallic gold or silver foil on paper using a heated die. The foil is adhered to the surface leaving the design of the die on the paper. Our Foil Stamp Printing adds a custom touch to your printed product by applying a thin film of metal to paper that creates a high grade, eye-catching result.

Folding:

The process of bending printed sheets in a specific area. Folding is one of our popular bindery jobs.

gloss fold roll


4-Panel Roll Fold:

A type of fold where the piece is folded inward at one end and then folded inward again one or more times. It is as if you are rolling the piece up.

gloss fold accordion


Accordion Fold:

A sheet which has been printed on only one side then folded twice in right angles to form a W-shaped four page uncut section. We are able to fold up to 4 panel(8 page max). 5 panel(10 page)+ will be send out to get folded. Accordion folds are usually 100lb book papers. Such as, brochures and catalogue.

gloss fold dgate


Double Gate Fold:

Single gate fold, with an additional fold on the center.

gloss fold dparallel


Double Parallel Fold :

A type of fold where the piece is folded in half and then folded in half again. The folds are parallel to each other. Also known as a quarter fold.

gloss fold french


French Fold (quarter fold):

A sheet which has been printed on one side only and then folded twice at right angles to form a four page uncut section.

gloss fold gate


Gate Fold:

When both sides of an oversize page fold into the gutter in overlapping layers.

gloss fold half


Half Fold:

Is fold in half.

gloss fold halftri


Half-Tri Fold:

A sheet is folded in half and then tri-folded.

gloss fold tri


Tri Fold:

A fold where a three panel piece has both side sections folded inward, one on top of the other each section is approximately 1/3 the length of the piece. Also known as a C-fold or letter-fold.

gloss fold z


Z Fold:

A paper fold represented by back and forth folds into three panels.

Full Bleed:

Printing that goes to the edge of all four sides of the page.

Gloss Finish:

A coating on paper that provides a higher reflection of light, which results in a shiny appearance. Gloss coatings reduce ink absorption, which allows excellent contrast and color definition.

Gloss Paper:

Paper with a gloss finish, usually used for higher quality printing. Examples are 100lb gloss book, and 100lb gloss cover.

Paper with a gloss finish, usually used for higher quality printing. Examples are 100lb gloss book, and 100lb gloss cover.

A strip of paper containing gray tones ranging from white to black. So gray scale refers to black and white printed material.

Grippers:

Metal finger like clamps that grab the paper to pull it through the press as the sheet is being printed.

Group Shipping:

We now offer Group Shipping on limited products that have the same specifications. The Product Builder page will indicate if Group Shipping is available.

When ordering multiple sets of eligible products you can now ship them together and save on your shipping costs. Simply fill out the specifications for the first product and then hit the 'Add Set' button to the bottom left. In the new window name this set, and then choose the 'group ship' button. You can continue by clicking 'Add Set' until your order for this style of products is complete. It's easy, saves you money on shipping and you only need to track one shipment!

Certain limitations apply, please refer to our Shipping Policy for more information.

PLEASE NOTE: If you choose Group Shipping, your turnaround time may be extended by at least one day. Turnaround time for the group will not begin until all orders in the group are production ready. If one or more of the jobs designated for Group Shipping is delayed, for any reason, the entire group will be held and delayed until all jobs are complete.

Hairline:

The thinnest possible line or space that is visible.

gloss headhead


Head to Head:

Printing on the front and back of a sheet is setup so that the top of both sides is printed at the same end of the sheet. You would turn the sheet like the page of a book to read the reverse side.

gloss headtoe


Head-to-Toe:

Printing on the front and back of a sheet so that the tops of each side are printed at opposite ends from each other. The top of one side is opposite the bottom of the other. You would turn the sheet over from top to bottom to read the reverse side. Also referred to as head-to-tail or tumble.

Hickey:

A spot on a printed sheet that appears as a small white circle with ink in the center, caused by particles such as dirt, dust, or bits of paper.

Imprinting:

The printing of new copy on a piece that is already printed. Examples of imprinting are ink-jetting addresses on postcards after the actual card has been printed. Please note that we DO NOT imprint or inkjet on any paper with AQ or UV Coating. The only job that can be imprinted after printing is spot UV jobs and any jobs in this category, which are as follows: Spot UV on both sides, UV one side no UV on the other side, Spot UV on one side no UV on the other side. These jobs do not get UV or AQ coating after imprinting.

In House:

When a production process for a printed product is done within a facility and is not sent to an outsider, also referred to as in plant.

Ink Jet:

A printing technology in which liquid ink is sprayed through tiny nozzles onto the paper in a pattern of dots, forming the image on the paper. Jobs with AQ or UV coating cannot be ink jet printed.

Insert:

A letter, card, or similar item placed inside another mail piece (host piece).

Job Number:

A unique number assigned to a job by a buyer or manufacturer. The number allows the job to be tracked throughout production. Here at 4over customers get job numbers automatically when they place an order online. Any orders that come in through mail or by customers drop off at the front desk get "walk-in" job numbers.

gloss landport

Landscape:

Printing a page so that when positioned for reading the width is greater than the height.

Line-of-Travel (LOT) Sequence:

A sequence required for some Enhanced Carrier Route and carrier route rates in which mail pieces are arranged by ZIP+4 codes in the order in which the carrier serves the route. The mail pieces are sequenced in delivery order.

Line Screen:

A transparent screen which has been etched with fine lines. It is used to convert a picture or photograph into a halftone dot pattern so that can be printed.

At 4over we do our best to maintain the fidelity of your creative intent through the complex process of reproduction in print. While printing 200 lpi may be satisfactory, we have gone one huge step further with the adoption of Staccato (or FM) screening method that brings near photographic quality. Staccato eliminates halftone screen angles, rosettes, and screening moirÉ while preserving the desirable details in your artwork. Our Staccato screening process employs 20 micron dot size which is equivalent to 500 lpi.
Read more about Staccato / FM Screening

Make-Ready:

1.The process of setting up and adjusting a printing press for a particular ink, paper and specifications prior to printing. This includes adjusting the infeed, grippers and guides, adjusting ink for proper coverage, registering copy, and matching the printed piece with the proof to be sure everything is correct. Also referred to as set up.

2. The paper used while making all the necessary adjustments before printing the actual run. Also referred to as set up.

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Margin:

The non-printed areas around the image area of a page.

CMYK:

The primary colors used in 4-color printing. CMYK are used to reproduce full color on the printed sheet. CMYK also called PROCESS COLOR

C: Cyan (Blue)
M: Magenta (Red)
Y: Yellow
K: Key (Black)

gloss offset


Offset Printing:

The transfer of an inked image from a plate to a blanket cylinder, which in turn transfers the image to the printing material as it passes between the blanket and the impression cylinder and pressure is applied. Also referred to as offset lithography. Here at 4over use offset printing.

gloss sideenv


Open End Envelope:

An envelope with an opening along its short dimension.


Open Side Envelope:

An envelope with an opening along its longest dimension.

Out of Register / Off Register:

When an image is not printing in the exact location that it is suppose to. When printing more than one color, if the colors do not line up properly, they are out of register.

gloss outreg

Output:

Sending information from a computer to a printing device to produce a printed page is called output.

Overprinting:

Printing an image over an area that has already been printed. In printing process colors, one process color is printed over another creating a secondary color, which is a combination of two primary colors. Sometimes in the files that customers send us there will be overprinting issues. Such as type or logos not printing. Customers should be aware that we do not check for this and their overprinting situation must be evaluated before sending the files to us.

Please read our FAQs which provide info on how to avoid these and other issues.

Overruns / Overs:

The quantity of items produced over the quantity that was originally ordered. Also referred to as any paper spoiled in the process of printing. For example if our batch is 1000 quantity batch we always overrun 150-200 sheets.

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Pantone Matching System (PMS):

A registered name for an ink color matching system used to compare, match and identify specific colors. To do so we use a pantone book. It contains pantone colors with their closest CMYK values.

Paper Grain:

The direction in which the fibers line up during the manufacturing process. It is easier to fold, bend, or tear the paper along the same direction of the fibers. Cut sheet laser printers generally use long grain paper in which the grain runs parallel to the long side of the paper, resulting in better performance through the laser printer.

Perfector:

A printing press that can print on the front and the back of the paper in one pass through the press.


Perfecting:

The process of printing both sides of a sheet of paper in the same pass through the press.

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Perforation:

Creating a series of holes so that the paper can be torn more easily along the line that is formed. Postage stamps and tear-off cards are common products that require perforation.

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Pixel:

The smallest unit of a digitized image created by a digital device, such as a computer, camera, or scanner. Pixel is short for "picture element." The more pixels per inch the better the resolution. On computer monitors, the display is divided into rows and columns containing thousands or millions of pixels. Each pixel is composed of three dots representing the three color channels of red, green, and blue light that are necessary for creating a color image on computer monitors and television screens. Because of their small size, the pixels appear to merge, simulating a continuous tone image, but when magnified they appear to be tiny square blocks of light, as shown in the illustration.

Plate:

A metal or paper light-sensitive sheet that holds an image that has been photographically produced. During the printing process, the image area picks up ink, which is then transferred to a blanket and then to paper.

gloss permit


Postage:

Payment for delivery service that is affixed or imprinted to a mail piece, usually in the form of a postage stamp, permit imprint, or meter stamp.


Permit:

Authorization required to mail without affixing postage. A postage imprint, also referred to as an indicia (The imprinted area in the upper right corner of the mail piece that indicates postage payment), is used instead. An advance payment is made to the post office and postage payment is deducted from that deposit.

Presentation Folder:

We offer different kinds of presentation folders, Inner pocket with round cut corner: (1 or 2, left & right pockets are optional) Inner pocket with straight cut corner: (1 or 2, left & right pockets are optional) Business card slit, left or right is also optional.

Presort:

The process by which a mailer groups mail by ZIP Code so that it is sorted to the finest extent required by the standards for the rate claimed. Generally, presort is performed sequentially, from the lowest (finest) level to the highest level, to those destinations specified by standard and is completed at each level before the next level is prepared. Not all presort levels are applicable to all mailings.

Press:

Press Check:

Press Check:

Printed sheets from the press that are pulled once all the makeready has been completed. The sheets are checked for quality and accuracy before authorization is given to go ahead with the full production run. Sheets may be pulled throughout the run to do press checks to assure that quality is being maintained. We DO NOT do press checks for customers.

Press Proof:

A proof that is produced on the press using the inks and paper specified for that order. We do not produce press proof unless we want to check color for a rejected job.

Press Run:

The total quantity of pieces printed during one printing.

Price Break:

The order quantity level at which the price of the paper or printed material goes down.

Prinergy:

One of two software systems that we use to send batches to the plating machine. When using Prinergy, batches will be sent to the Creo CTP (computer to plate).

Processing:

The department in charge of making customers' files "print ready".

Proofs:

A copy of the artwork representing the finished product. It is used for review and approval. Here at 4over we offer two types of proof.

1. PDF proof. PDF proof is an electronic proof. We charge $5.00 to send the proof via email.

2. Epson Proof. Is a printed proof, which also called hard copy proof it is a 80%-85% match with the final printed product and it is sent through mail for the customer to approve before the job is printed. The person in charge of sending the proofs to the customer is the person who is processing the orders.

Proofread:

Checking a proof for errors or discrepancies from the original copy.

Punching:

Drilling of holes through a stack of paper. We use hole punching if a customer wants to have that on any printed piece. Applicable & popular sizes are 1/8" & 5/16". We can provide a different size, other than above mentioned, upon request.

Quotation:

A price, given by the printer or distributor, based on the specifications supplied for that product. We have an estimating department here at 4over that can give a price quote or any custom job.

Register Marks:

The printed marks used to align color separations for printing so that each color registers with each other.

Resolution:

The measurement of output quality expressed in pixels (dots) per inch on a computer monitor or dots per inch on printed media. For example, a monitor displaying a resolution of 800 by 600 refers to a screen capable of displaying 800 pixels in each of 600 lines, which translates into a total of 480,000 pixels displayed on the screen. When referring to printed media, a 300 dpi (dots per inch) printer for example, is capable of outputting 300 dots in a one-inch line, which means that it has the ability of printing 90,000 distinct dots per square inch (300 x 300).

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Rewards / Rewards Point:

Rewards is one of our newest features. We want to thank you for bringing all your important jobs to us so we're giving you something back! Now whenever you place an order with 4over you'll be earning "rewards points" that you can save up to score coupons and cool gadgets. Also keep an eye out for our double and triple points days and boosted point specials.

 

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RGB:

The additive primary colors, red, green and blue, used to display color in video monitors. Printing with a file in RGB color mode will produce a washed out appearance. 4over does not check files for RGB. That responsibility falls to the customer before submission of the files.

Rotation:

The turning or positioning of text or an image at different degrees of orientation on a page.

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Round Cornering:

Using a machine to die cut the corners of forms, cards and books to create a rounded corner.

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Saddle Stitching:

The method of binding the pages of a section where the folded pages are stitched through the fold from the outside, using a wire staple (stapling).

Samples:

Samples of a completed job (a small quantity of the actual job) can be requested to be shipped to your billing address when drop shipping to your customer.

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Scoring:

A crease applied, in a straight line, to a sheet of paper to allow it to fold easier and more accurately.

Based on our equipment we score any sizes between:

3" x 4" (min) to 11" x 17" (max)
on 100lb book, 14pt & 16pt papers.

Score in half, is the most popular.

Set Up:

1.The process of setting up and adjusting a printing press for a particular ink, paper and specifications prior to printing. This includes adjusting the infeed, grippers and guides, adjusting ink for proper coverage, registering copy, and matching the printed piece with the proof to be sure everything is correct. Also referred to as set up.

2. The paper used while making all the necessary adjustments before printing the actual run. Also referred to as set up.

Shrink Wrapping:

A method of wrapping packages or products with a plastic film and then applying heat so that the wrap fits tight to the product. Shrink-wrapping is used to package a product in specific quantities and is also used for protection purposes. It also adds some stability to the product when storing. Also referred to as plastic wrapping. We do not offer shrink-wrapping.

Silver:

Fifth color, pantone metallic coated 877c. Must be designed in a vector based graphics program. Acceptable file types are EPS, CDR, and PDF.

Skid / Pallet:

A wooden platform used to hold stacks of paper or cartons. Used to store or ship materials or finished products.

Sleeve:

A paperboard jacket that fits over the four sides (top, bottom, and two parallel sides) of a letter tray in order to keep the mail inside the tray from falling out.

Slitting:

Cutting paper by the use of a cutting wheel. Paper may be slit into smaller sheets or a web of paper may be slit into narrower rolls.

A slit can also refer to cuts made that do not divide a sheet. For example, on a presentation folder smaller diagonal slits can be made on the pockets where business cards can then be displayed.

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Spiral Binding:

Book binding that consists of a spiral wire or plastic that is wound through holes. Also referred to as coil binding. Here at 4over we do not offer that service.

Spot Coating / Spot UV:

Coating paper only in specific areas as opposed to all over coating. In a Spot UV job the job gets a UV coating in only specific areas and does not get any AQ coating in any other places. Spot UV can be referred to as spot varnish.

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Spot Color:

Printing with one or more solid colors, generally black ink is used with the addition of other colors. It is used to add highlight and add color to a printed product without having to print with four-color process.

Stochastic Screening:

Images are converted digitally into screens made up of very small dots which are equal in size, but of variable spacing. The variable dot pattern eliminates many of the moiré patterns and allows for more than four colors to be used to represent an image. This is the primary aspect of high-fidelity printing.

At 4over we do our best to maintain the fidelity of your creative intent through the complex process of reproduction in print. While printing 200 lpi may be satisfactory, we have gone one huge step further with the adoption of Staccato (or FM) screening method that brings near photographic quality. Staccato eliminates halftone screen angles, rosettes, and screening moirÉ while preserving the desirable details in your artwork. Our Staccato screening process employs 20 micron dot size which is equivalent to 500 lpi.

Read more about Staccato / FM Screening

Stripping:

1.To assemble and combine film or negatives to produce the final film for plate making. This process is now done electronically by many companies, bypassing the manual process altogether.

2. In reference to labels it is the removal of the matrix or waste material from around a pressure sensitive label after it has been die cut.

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Swatch Book:

A booklet containing samples of paper or ink colors.

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Template:

A preset model that acts as a structure for setting up a similar product. Here at 4over we have lot of templates, for each product. The customers can download the templates online.

See all of our templates now...

Tray:

A container used in postal facilities to hold letters and First-Class Mail flats. It is used as a basic unit of mail quantity for purposes of preparing mail to a qualify for discounted postage rates. Also see full flat tray, full letter tray, less-than-full tray, and overflow tray.

Trim:

1. The process of cutting the product to its finished size. The excess that is cut off is also referred to as the trim.

2. Combining various roll sizes to be slit from a full width roll from the paper machine so that an acceptable percentage of the salable width will be used.

Turnaround Time:

The accumulated time between receipt of an order and completion of the finished product. Here at 4over we offer different types of turnaround depending on the product, we have Next Day, 2-4 days, 5-7 days and 7-9 business days turnaround.

Typesetting:

The process of converting text into type used for printing.

The process of converting text into type used for printing.

Ultra Violet. The part of the spectrum where the wavelength of light is shorter than the wavelength of visible light.

UV Coating:

A liquid coating applied to the printed piece, which is then bonded and cured with ultraviolet light. This coating is used to provide a protective coating to the printed image. Please note that you CAN NOT write or imprint on a uv coated jobs.

Varnish:

A thin, liquid protective coating, either matte or glossy, that is applied to the product. It adds protection and enhances the appearance of the product. It can be applied as an all over coating or it can be applied as a spot coating.

Vendor:

The provider of a product or service. Also referred to as supplier.

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Window Envelopes:

An envelope with a die cut opening that is intended to have information show through from the piece inside the envelope.

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Work and Tumble:

A printing method where different pages are assembled so that they are on one plate. One side is printed and the sheet is turned from front to rear so that you are using the opposite edge as the gripper edge and then the second side is printed. The product is then cut apart to make two finished items.


Work and Turn:

A printing method where different pages are assembled so that they are on one plate. One side is printed and then the sheet is turned over so that you are using the same gripper edge and then the second side is printed. The product is then cut apart to make two finished items.

Zip:

Zipping is a way to compress electronic files A compressed file is considered "zipped."

ZIP Code:

A system of 5-digit codes that identifies the individual post office or metropolitan area delivery station associated with an address. ZIP+4 is an enhanced code consisting of the 5-digit ZIP Code and four additional digits that identify a specific range of delivery addresses.

ZIP+4 Code:

A nine digit numeric code composed of two parts: (a) the initial code: the first five digits that identify the sectional center facility and delivery area associated with the address, followed by a hyphen; and (b) the four-digit expanded code: the first two additional digits designate the sector (a geographic area) and the last two digits designate the segment (a building, floor, etc.)

ZIP+4 barcode:

A nine-digit POSTNET barcode consisting of 52 vertical bars. Also see Postal Numeric Encoding Technique.

Get In Touch

  • 2632 N. Orange Blossom Trail
    Orlando, FL 34741
  • 407-962-4406
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